Marcus Claudius Marcellus
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (c. 270-208 BCE) was a five-time consul and, earning the nickname the 'Sword of Rome', he was one of the city’s greatest military commanders. Active in both the First and Second Punic Wars, he also won honours for his campaigns in Gaul and the capture of Mediolanum (modern Milan). Battling Hannibal in southern Italy and then famously capturing Syracuse on Sicily, Marcellus’ run of victories came to an end when he faced the Carthaginian general in 209 BCE.
Bust of Trajan, c. 108 AD, Capitoline Museum, Rome, marble. 10 year anniversary. Wears paludamentum (military cloak), a sword sheath strap across his chest, heroically nude (never actually appeared so). Succeeded Nerva at age 45, actually depicted in 40s, hair is always combed straight forward and his only lines are around his mouth.
Statue of the emperor Domitian. Rome, Vatican Museums, Chiaramonti Museum, New Wing, 126 (Roma, Musei Vaticani, Museo Chiaramonti, Braccio nuovo)
Statue of the emperor Domitian. Perhaps the head is replaced. Marble. 1st century. Rome, Vatican Museums, Chiaramonti Museum, New wing, 126. Photo by Sergey Sosnovskiy.